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Samarkand

Samarkand also known as Samarqand, is a city in southeastern Uzbekistan and among the oldest continuously inhabited cities in Central Asia. There is evidence of human activity in the area of the city from the late Paleolithic Era, though there is no direct evidence of when Samarkand was founded; several theories propose that it was founded between the 8th and 7th centuries BC. Prospering from its location on the Silk Road between China and the Mediterranean Sea, at times Samarkand was one of the largest cities of Central Asia.

By the time of the Achaemenid Empire of Persia, it was the capital of the Sogdian satrapy. The city was conquered by Alexander the Great in 329 BCE, when it was known as Markanda, which was rendered in Greek as (Μαράκανδα). The city was ruled by a succession of Iranian and Turkic rulers until it was conquered by the Mongols under Genghis Khan in 1220. Today, Samarkand is the capitol of Samarqand Region and one of the largest cities of Uzbekistan.

Location
Samarkand is located in northeastern Uzbekistan, in the Zarefshan River valley, 135 km from Qarshi. Road M37 connects Samarkand to Bukhara, 240 km away. Road M39 connects it to Tashkent, 270 km away.
Area
16,773 km2
Population
3,651,700 (2017)
Currency
Som (UZS)
Language
Uzbek language
Climate
Samarkand has a Mediterranean climate that closely borders on a semi-arid climate with hot, dry summers and relatively wet, variable winters that alternate periods of warm weather with periods of cold weather. July and August are the hottest months of the year, with temperatures reaching and exceeding 40 °C (104 °F). Precipitation is sparse from December through April.
Samarkand UZBEKISTAN
Registan
The Registan was the heart of the ancient city of Samarkand of the Timurid Empire, now in Uzbekistan. The name Rēgistan (ریگستان) means "sandy place" or "desert" in Persian.

The Registan was a public square, where people gathered to hear royal proclamations, heralded by blasts on enormous copper pipes called dzharchis - and a place of public executions. It is framed by three madrasahs (Islamic schools) of distinctive Islamic architecture. The square was regarded as the hub of the Timurid Renaissance.

AddressRegistan St, Samarkand, Uzbekistan, Samarkand 140164 Uzbekistan

Shah-i-Zinda
The Shah-i-Zinda Ensemble includes mausoleums and other ritual buildings of 11-15th and 19th centuries. The name Shah-i-Zinda (meaning "The living king") is connected with the legend that Kusam ibn Abbas, a cousin of the Prophet Muhammad, is buried here. He came to Samarkand with the Arab invasion in the 7th century to preach Islam.
The Shah-i-Zinda complex was formed over eight (from 11th till 19th) centuries and now includes more than twenty buildings.
The ensemble comprises three groups of structures: lower, middle and upper connected by four-arched domed passages locally called chartak. The earliest buildings date back to the 11-12th centuries. Mainly their bases and headstones have remained now. The most part dates back to the 14-15th centuries. Reconstructions of the 16-19th centuries were of no significance and did not change the general composition and appearance.

AddressSamarkand, Uzbekistan

Gūr-e Amīr
The Gūr-i Amīr or Guri Amir is a mausoleum of the Turco-Mongol conqueror Timur (also known as Tamerlane) in Samarkand, Uzbekistan. It occupies an important place in the history of Central Asian architecture as the precursor and model for later Mughal tombs, including the Gardens of Babur in Kabul, Humayun's Tomb in Delhi and the Taj Mahal in Agra, built by Timur's descendants. The mausoleum has been heavily restored.

Gur-e Amir is Persian for "Tomb of the King". This architectural complex with its azure dome contains the tombs of Tamerlane, his sons Shah Rukh and Miran Shah and grandsons Ulugh Beg and Muhammad Sultan. Also honoured with a place in the tomb is Timur's teacher Sayyid Baraka.

Art Gallery Happy Bi
Shopping, Museums, Art Galleries
We found this gallery by casual. You will find extraordinary fashon designed by a wonderful Lady for reasonable prices. In the gallery there is a wonderful atmosphere among antic things.

AddressTashkentskaya St. 43 A, Samarkand 140164, Uzbekistan

Hovrenko Wine Factory
Shopping, Gift & Specialty Shops.

Located in a building on the left to 'Samarkand restaurant', there's small sign, but you can recognize it by the turquoise colored walls. In the inside, there's a small museum of wine production. Local wine tasting, the owner is really kind. Wines are good, varied from light white wine to brandy or cognac.

AddressMahmud Kashgari, Samarkand 140164, Uzbekistan

The Silk Road Destinations
Tours, Shopping, Other, Transportation, Food & Drink, Classes & Workshops, Outdoor Activities, More

Silk Road Destinations was established in the year 2001 by qualified professionals with more than 18 years of experience in the tourism industry. Area of activities in Central Asia (Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan).

Programs
- Silk Road Tours;
- Five stans tour;
- Adventure tours;
- Sustainable and responsible tourism;
- Business travel;
- Mice -FAM trips

Hours Today: 9:00 AM - 6:00 PM

The Silk Road Destinations
Tours, Shopping, Other, Transportation, Food & Drink, Classes & Workshops, Outdoor Activities, More

Silk Road Destinations was established in the year 2001 by qualified professionals with more than 18 years of experience in the tourism industry. Area of activities in Central Asia (Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan).

Programs
- Silk Road Tours;
- Five stans tour;
- Adventure tours;
- Sustainable and responsible tourism;
- Business travel;
- Mice -FAM trips

Hours Today: 9:00 AM - 6:00 PM